He was banned indefinitely from both sites in January in the wake of posts he made about the unrest in the US Capitol, but last month Facebook’s Oversight Board criticized the indefinite sanction.
Facebook said Trump’s actions were “a serious violation of our rules.”
Trump called the move “an insult” to the millions who voted for him in last year’s presidential election.
Facebook’s move comes as the social media giant is also ending a policy that protects politicians from some content moderation rules.
He said he would no longer give politicians immunity for misleading or abusive content based on their comments as newsworthy.
Trump’s ban went into effect from the date of the initial suspension on January 7, Facebook vice president of global affairs Nick Clegg said in a post.
“Given the seriousness of the circumstances that led to Trump’s suspension, we believe that his actions constituted a serious violation of our rules that deserve the highest penalty available,” he added.
“If we determine that there is still a serious risk to public safety, we will extend the restriction for a specified period of time and continue to reassess until that risk has decreased.”
Upon his return, Trump will be subject to “a strict set of rapidly escalating sanctions” for any violation, Clegg’s statement noted.
In a statement issued by his Save America political action committee, Trump said: “The Facebook ruling is an insult to the 75 million record-breaking people, plus many others, who voted for us …”
“They should not be allowed to get away with this censorship and silencing, and ultimately we will win. Our country can no longer bear this abuse! ”
In a second statement about the two-year ban, Trump attacked the founder of Facebook.
“The next time he is in the White House there will be no more dinners, at his request, with Mark Zuckerberg and his wife,” the former president said. “Everything will be business!”
Facebook’s move allows Trump to return to the platform before the 2024 presidential election.
It also comes as he prepares to once again host the large-scale face-to-face rallies that were a signature of his campaigns and presidency. One of the first is planned for Dallas, Texas, in early July, according to local media.
Earlier this week, it emerged that the communications platform established by Trump in the wake of his social media bans, From the Desk of Donald J. Trump, was permanently shut down.
In addition to Facebook, which has more than two billion monthly users, Trump has also been banned from Twitter, YouTube, Snapchat, Twitch, and other social media platforms during the January riots.
Last month, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis, a Republican ally of Trump, signed the first law in the US that punishes tech companies for unbalancing politicians.
Facebook’s dilemma over Trump was complex, involved tradeoffs, and was guaranteed to upset millions of people. The fact is, whatever his decision, it was bound to polarize.
But to be clear: today Facebook, the world’s largest social network, has denied access to its megaphone to a man for whom 74 million people voted. They not only knew or approved of it; they voted for him to be president of the United States. That is a great decision.
Facebook says public figures who violate its rules by inciting riots or violence will be suspended for a month or, in more serious cases, up to two years.
It comes as part of an effort to undo a previous policy of allowing newsworthy political speech despite the possibility that it could cause harm.
Posts deemed worthy of an exception, despite possible violations, may still be allowed, but Facebook will give them a warning label. The company says it will no longer treat “content posted by politicians differently.”
“Instead, we will simply apply our newsworthiness balance test in the same way to all content, measuring whether the public interest value of the content outweighs the potential risk of harm when leaving it.”
The company’s Oversight Board determined that Trump’s initial ban was appropriate, but that there was no reason for the ban to hold indefinitely.
The independent board, funded by Facebook, has 20 members who can make binding decisions on content. Among the members