NASA confirmed that the solar flare struck Earth on October 28 and was classified as a class X1 flare, which means it was quite intense and powerful.
One of the most notable events in space that can be seen with the natural eye just happened and not many people noticed. The solar flare hit the Earth with a glancing blow and flew past, leaving behind the sparkling aurora borealis or aurora borealis. The space agency of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has confirmed that the solar flare was ejected by the Sun and hit the Earth.
Between October 25 and 28, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory, which constantly monitors the Sun, recorded several days of activity that ended in a significant solar flare.
According to the space agency, the Sun emitted a significant solar flare on October 28, peaking at 11:35 a.m. ET (8:30 p.m. ET). NASA classifies an acute solar flare as a class X1 flare. An X-class flare means it is the most intense solar flare, and the number indicates its intensity – powerful roses with a number.
Simply put, flares are bursts of radiation. The harmful radiation from a solar flare cannot penetrate the Earth’s atmosphere and harm people on earth, but it can affect the layer of the atmosphere in which GPS and communications signals pass if it is strong enough. However, its effects can cause geomagnetic storms that disrupt GPS, radio communications and may even interfere with satellites.
A solar flare that struck Earth’s magnetic field around 10:00 UT (15:30 IST) on October 31 had a much smaller impact than expected as it had just triggered a G1-class geomagnetic storm. Although the solar flare has caused auroras in the sky in parts of the world, no damage has been reported.
If the Sun were to throw it out when it hit the Earth directly, then there would be cause for concern. However, solar flares, which can cause significant damage to the Earth’s infrastructure in terms of power outages, internet outages, satellites malfunctioning, etc., can occur once a century or so. Having said that, another massive solar flare has occurred at the turn of this century, but it hasn’t touched Earth either.
A new solar cycle begins in about 11 years. According to NASA, this was the second X-class flare in the 25th solar cycle, which began in December 2019. The Sun’s nature changes from relatively calm to active, and then back to quiet again during this cycle.